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Problems of Forensic Sciences 2019  Vol. 118 (CXVIII)  141-156
 
THE NEED FOR COGNITIVE CLOSURE AS A DETERMINANT OF SUSCEPTIBILITY TO MISINFORMATION AND PRONENESS TO FALSE CONFESSION

Anna HEJNIAK, Malwina SZPITALAK, Magdalena KĘKUŚ, Klaudia CHYLIŃSKA, Marta WOŹNIAK
Institute of Psychology, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków, Poland


Streszczenie

The study examines whether the need for cognitive closure affects eyewitnesses’ memory reports, eyewitnesses’ compliance with misinformation and, in particular, their tendency to make false confessions. It derives its procedures from the false confession paradigm presented by Kassin and Kiechel (1996) and the misinformation schema empirically utilized in Polczyk (2007) and elsewhere. In the first experiment, the misinformation effect was replicated and a positive correlation between the need for cognitive closure and susceptibility to misinformation was established. It was demonstrated in the second experiment that a high need for cognitive closure is associated with a greater tendency to make false confessions. The study can contribute to the implementation of more accurate interrogation techniques and improve the reliability of the judiciary.


Słowa kluczowe

False confession; Misinformation; Need for cognitive closure.


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