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Problems of Forensic Sciences 2012  Vol. 90 (XC)  126-135
 
THE QUALITY AND SUBJECTIVE CONFIDENCE OF WITNESS TESTIMONY: A COMPARISON OF THE ENHANCED COGNITIVE INTERVIEW AND THE STRUCTURED INTERVIEW

Karolina DUKAŁA, Romuald POLCZYK, Agnieszka DAMIJAN, Anna NOSZCZYK, Joanna PAL, Paweł PASZKOWSKI


Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland


Streszczenie
A video clip depicting a burglary was shown to eighty-seven participants. The following day they completed either an enhanced cognitive interview (ECI; n = 43) or a structured interview (SI; n = 44). The participants in the ECI group reported more correct details than those in the SI group (43.12 compared to 32.39) and slightly more incorrect details (1.53 compared to 0.80). No significant differences were observed for the confabulated details. The number of both correct (41.58 compared to 31.59) and incorrect (8.28 compared to 6.07) details of which the participants were confident was higher in the ECI than in the SI group. No differences emerged where the number of details of which the participants were unconfident was concerned. In the structured interview group, the men produced more confabulated details than the women (5.29 compared to 2.56). No other gender differences were observed in either group. The interviewers differed in the quality of testimony obtained in the SI, but not in the ECI.
Słowa kluczowe

Cognitive interview; Witness testimony; Quality of testimony.


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